Allergies can be just a normal immune dysfunction that can be suppressed on facing any issues. It does not posses a greater threat to a person. There are pharmaceutical drugs available that can help in controlling any allergy. But, It can also lead to serious issues if a person shows signs of allergies leading to Asthma.
Allergic asthma or allergy-induced asthma occurs due to substances that cause hay fever such as pollen, dust mites, and pet dander. Skin or food allergies have also led to cause asthma in some cases. The person who has asthma can become sensitive to many things which are referred to as “triggers”. The person with Allergic Asthma will experience symptoms such as coughing, the problem in breathing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and suffocation in the chest. These symptoms can amplify on coming in contact with triggers.
When any kind of external substance is identified as a threat to the immune system after coming in contact, the body releases certain chemicals which leads to the allergy with symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and itchy signs. Asthma can be a genetic disfunction can be passed on to future generations.
Doctors have continued to research the gene variations, which makes a person more vulnerable to these allergies to find accurate reasons. But, even today, it is hard to find a single solution for all kinds of allergies. It has been found that the body releases the compound immunoglobulin E or often called IgE. Excessesive release of IgE can lead to the narrowing of the airways making is suffocating for a person.
To run a diagnostic test for Allergic Asthma the doctor needs to know about the symptoms and triggers of their allergies. They need to find out what can reduce and amplify the allergy. Next step is to perform a respiratory function test to identify the impact on the airways due to the allergies. Allergic Asthma triggers an immune system response. The person who suffers with any allergy and shows signs of asthma can be determined to posses allergic asthma.
Prevention is better than cure. Avoiding the contact with the triggers can turn out to be beneficial in cases of allergies. There are allergen-proof bed coverings, vacuum cleaner with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter. Avoiding dusty environment and washing laudry on a regular basis can help prevent allergies and asthma on a whole.
There are separate treatments available for allergies and asthma but a few treatments help with both the conditions namely,
Montelukast(singuliar) is a pill which can be consumed daily to control the immune system from reacting to the triggers. It prevents the chemicals that cause swelling and itching to recude which minimizes the effects of allergy and asthma.
Allergy shots (immunotherapy)
Allergy shots can be given to a person who experiences sudden asthma attacks. It reduces the response of the immune system to minimal level. Immunotheraphy is done by giving small doses of allergens in the form of injections to trigger the immune system which eventually forms a habit for the immune system to get used to the allergens.